Red-necked kneelback
Rhabdop submin Wikimedia
Physical description
Binomial nameRhabdophis subminiatus
Scientific classification
SpeciesR. subminiatus

The red-necked keelback (Rhabdophis subminiatus) is a species of snake.


The snake has a greenish hue with red and yellow regions near the head. It grows to 70 to 90 cm (28-35 inches) in length.

Habitat and behaviorEdit

It generally lives near ponds where it consumes frogs.


Rhabdophis subminiatus is a rear-fanged species and was previously thought to be harmless. However, following one fatal and several near fatal envenomations, the toxicity of its venom was investigated. As a result, it has recently been reclassified as a dangerous species.

Distribution Edit

The red-necked keelback can be found in the following areas of the world:

  • Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Sulawesi ?)
  • Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Burma
  • West Malaysia, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Nepal
  • India (Assam , West Bengal (Jalpaiguri district)Sikkim; Arunachal Pradesh (Chimpu, Itanagar - Papum Pare district)), Mizoram (Selesih, World Bank Road)
  • China (Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Fujian, Hong Kong, Hainan)

The keelback of the race 'helleri' can be found in the following locations:

  • Bangladesh
  • Hong Kong
  • India
  • Laos
  • Myanmar
  • Nepal
  • People's Republic of China
  • Thailand
  • North Vietnam

External linksEdit


  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893 Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp.
  • Bulian,J. 1999 Über die Schlangenfauna eines Gartens in Südthailand. Elaphe 7 (4): 61-67
  • Schlegel, H. 1837 Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Généralxxviii +251 S. + Partie Descriptiv606 S. + xvi. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum)
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