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Bumblebee poison dart frog
Bumblebee poison frog
Physical description
Binomial nameDendrobates leucomelas
HabitatTropical rainforest
Lifespan18-24 years
Average SizeUp to 4.5 cm (1.8 in)
Average weight8 grams
DietInsectivorous
Conservational Status
StatusNear threatened
IUCN status3.1
Scientific classification
KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassAmphibia
OrderAnura
FamilyDendrobatidae
GenusDendrobates
SpeciesD. leucomelas
Distribution
Distribution of speciesVenezuela

The bumblebee poison dart frog (Dendrobates leucomelas) is a species of poison dart frog. It is endemic to Venezuela. Formerly common, its habitat is now in decline and the species is diminishing. D. leucomelas is the most toxic of its genus, the second-most toxic being D. azureus.

Description

The bumblebee poison dart frog can reach 4.5 centimeters (1.8 inches) long from snout to vent, with females being slightly larger and more robust than males. Occasionally, some individuals may grow to 5 cm, but this is fairly rare.

The bumblebee poison dart frog has an irregular pattern of bands, ranging from yellow, through golden, to orange; and black or dark brown. Some degree of variation is possible; a few have a thick, "netted" mesh of yellow or orange with only a few small spots of black on their bodies. Others have thinner bands of yellow on a mainly black body. A few have the black and yellow pattern inverted, particularly the "Guyana banded" morph.

They have glandular adhesive pads on their toes (which aid in climbing and positioning) and, in common with other species in their order, they have a short, protrudable, unnotched, sticky tongue, which extends to catch prey.

Distribution and Habitat

Diet

Poison

Behavior

Reproduction

In captivity

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